From the age of six, it is common for pets to start having dental problems.
One of the most frequent problems is tartar, a condition that occurs when bacterial plaque begins to accumulate on the teeth. Bacteria feed on the minerals provided by the food that remains in the teeth, so it is important that our pet always have clean teeth.
Tartar leaves a mouth with a dirty and unkempt appearance, as well as very unpleasant breath.
Food is usually key to avoiding the appearance of tartar. Dry foods, such as dry food, are better for the dog’s teeth than soft food or homemade food, as they are abrasive and leave the teeth without residue.
How to Brush Your Dog’s Teeth
Adult dogs can learn to be comfortable with teeth cleaning, but it’s easier if you start when the dog is a puppy. When they are a few months old we can habituate them using the finger. Little by little we will introduce the toothbrush and toothpaste into your daily oral hygiene.
Your pet may not like it very much at first, but over time it can become an enjoyable experience. It should not be too long the first few times. Brushing time can be increased as you get used to it. It also helps to speak in a calm voice while you brush his teeth and reward him with a treat when you’re done.
How to choose the right toothpaste
Our dog toothpaste cannot be used. Most human toothpastes contain fluoride, which is toxic to dogs. Toothpastes formulated for pets are sold at most pet stores. You can also buy special toothbrushes that will make the brushing process easier.
Anti-plaque solutions for drinking water
They contain disinfectant products and that fight against the accumulation of bacterial plaque and dental tartar. You only have to add a quantity to drinking water, and they delay the appearance of tartar, also fighting bad breath.
Chewing “cleaner” toys to clean teeth
There are many synthetic bones and chew toys that are specifically designed to strengthen a dog’s gums and teeth. The idea is that the dog has to chew, use his teeth.
How to get rid of tartar
Once tartar has appeared on our pet’s teeth, neither brushes nor bones can do anything to make it disappear. The only solution is to perform a thorough oral cleaning under sedation or general anesthesia (odontoprophylaxis).
How often to take him to the vet?
Even if his teeth are healthy, your dog’s teeth should be checked by a veterinary professional every six months to a year.
If you see any of these signs of dental problems, you should take it as soon as possible:
- Excessive bad breath.
- Change in habits when eating or chewing.
- If you try to scratch your face or mouth.
- Excessive salivation.
- Misaligned teeth.
- Discolored, broken or chipped teeth.
- Red, swollen, sore, or bleeding gums.
- Incrustations of yellowish tartar along the edge of the gum.
- Lumps or polyps inside the mouth.